James Forrestal (5) Japan & (Journalists)

James ForrestalーJapan-1

He, along with Secretary of War Henry Stimson and Under Secretary of State Joseph Grew, in the early months of 1945, strongly advocated a softer policy toward Japan that would permit a negotiated face-saving surrender. His primary concern was "the menace of Russian Communism and its attraction for decimated, destabilized societies in Europe and Asia," and, therefore, keeping the Soviet Union out of the war with Japan. Had his advice been followed, Japan might well have surrendered before August 1945, precluding the use of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki [1]. So strongly did he feel about this matter that he cultivated negotiation attempts that bordered closely on insubordination toward the President. [1]

As a person who prized anonymity and once stated that his hobby was "obscurity", he and his policies had been the constant target of vicious personal attacks from columnists, including Drew Pearson and Walter Winchell.Pearson's protege, Jack Anderson, later asserted that Pearson "hectored Forrestal with innuendos and false accusations."

参照 : Walter Winchell の声を聴く。
参照 : Charlie Roseの番組の2番目でNeal Gablerが自作のWalter Winchellに関する書物について語る場面
参照 : TV出演中のWalter Winchell :
参照 : Jack Anderson : McCarthyを裏切った男

Anderson grew close to Joseph McCarthy, and the two exchanged information from sources,[citation needed] but when Pearson went after McCarthy, Anderson reluctantly followed at first, then actively assisted with the eventual downfall of his one-time friend.

参照 : Jack Anderson:

参照 : Drew Pearson:

Pearson unrelentingly continued his attacks on Forrestal in his columns and radio broadcasts, openly berating Truman for not firing Forrestal.[11] President Truman asked for Forrestal's resignation, replacing him with an administration insider, Louis A. Johnson. Forrestal's removal and Johnson's appointment would have serious consequences in coming years with the sudden outbreak of the Korean War.

参照 : Drew Pearson-1 :
参照 : Drew Pearson-2:
参照 : Drew Pearson-3
参照 : Drew Pearson : Biography

James Forrestal-Japan-2

At that point Forrestal suggested a compromise: The United States should send a reply that reaffirmed the Potsdam demands while neither rejecting the Japanese offer nor discouraging hope that the emperor could remain. Byrnes, aided by his special assistant, Benjamin Cohen, was given primary responsibility for drafting a reply, though Forrestal, Leahy, Stimson, and Truman himself all lent a hand, as did Undersecretary Grew. Grew had not been at the White House meeting, but he was the government’s highest-ranking expert on Japan and had always stressed the crucial role of the emperor in any surrender scheme. Now “Grew, mastering his personal pride, opened the door between his office and Byrnes’ and said, ‘Mr. Secretary, if you are working on the Japanese note I believe I and some others could be helpful.’ ” Byrnes agreed.

参照 : 終戦交渉をしていた日米 : 不必要だった原爆
The Death of James Forrestal : 復習
James Forrestal : 分析
James Forrestal :Official Funeral 22-25 May 1949: 復習
James Forrestal :資料室内-1:
Jemes Forrestal :資料室内-2

テーマ:戦争 - ジャンル:政治・経済