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James Forrestal (3)

Iwo Jima James Forrestal
3-James Forrestal travelled to the Iwo Jima.
3-1945年2月James Forrestal海軍長官硫黄島実戦視察(驚くべきことだ!よりによって硫黄島とは!)ForrestalはD-Dayにも現場に赴いている。

You Tube: Iwo Jima :
You Tube : Flags Over Iwo Jima : Text:
参照:Clint Eastwood’s Flags of Our Fathers Text1Text2

The significance of the Iwo Jima operation, the first US ground assault on Japanese soil, was widely recognized in advance. Secretary of the Navy James Forrestal had travelled to the Pacific from Washington to watch the unfolding of the largest operation in United States Naval history.
On the morning of February 23rd, Forrestal was accompanying V Amphibious Corps Commander Lieutenant General Holland M. “Howlin’ Mad” Smith to the beachead. Their landing craft had just touched shore, when the first flag went up atop the volcano. As the Marines around them cheered, Forrestal turned to General Smith, and observed: “Holland, the raising of that flag on Suribachi means a Marine Corps for the next five hundred years.”
Recognizing the historical significance of the colors waving in the distance, Forrestal also asked General Smith to see to it that the flag then flying atop Mount Suribachi be replaced, and the original brought back to him for preservation in the nation’s capital.
と言うわけで、3時間後にスリバチ山にはためいたのは、やや大きめの2番目の取り替えられた星条旗で、最初に掲げられた記念すべきアメリカ国旗はForrestalの命令で持ち帰られその後ワシントンに大切に保存されている。

memorial Iwo Jima
At 8 a.m., on Feb. 23, a patrol of 40 men from 3rd Platoon, E Company, 2nd Battalion, 28th Marines, led by 1st Lieutenant Harold G. Schrier, assembled at the base of Mount Suribachi. The platoon's mission was to take the crater at Suribachi's peak and raise the U.S. flag.
The platoon slowly climbed the steep trails to the summit, but encountered no enemy fire. As they reached the top, the patrol members took positions around the crater watching for pockets of enemy resistance as other members of the patrol looked for something on which to raise the flag.
At 10:20 a.m., the flag was hoisted on a steel pipe above the island. This symbol of victory sent a wave of strength to the battle-weary fighting men below, and struck a further mental blow against the island's defenders.
Marine Corps photographer Sergeant Lou Lowery captured this first flag raising on film just as the enemy hurled a grenade in his direction. Dodging the grenade, Lowery hurled his body over the edge of the crater and tumbled 50 feet. His camera lens was shattered, but he and his film were safe.
Three hours later another patrol was dispatched to raise another, larger flag. The battle for Iwo Jima is encapsulated by this historic flag raising atop Suribachi, which was captured on film by Associated Press photographer Joe Rosenthal. His photo, seen around the world as a symbol of American values, would earn him many awards including the 1945 Pulitzer Prize.
Over the years, the flag raising has come to symbolize the spirit of the Corps to all Marines. On Nov. 19, 1954, a bronze monument of the flag raising, sculpted by Felix de Weldon and located near Arlington National Cemetery, was dedicated to all Marines who have given their lives in defense of their country.
と言うわけで、Iwo Jimaはすべてのアメリカ海軍の戦闘の象徴となっている。海軍長官James Forrestalが自ら赴き、その現場でこう発言したからだ。 “Holland, the raising of that flag on Suribachi means a Marine Corps for the next five hundred years.”(あの旗は向こう500年間の海兵隊の象徴だ)

テーマ:戦争 - ジャンル:政治・経済

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